The town of Trevico rises in the Baronia area and is the highest town in entire Campania. It's a village with 919 inhabitants, located 1,094 metres above sea level, at 73 km from Avellino. The territory extends for 11 sq km and the adjoining municipalities are: Carife, Castel Baronia, San Nicola Baronia, San Sossio Baronia, Scampitella, Vallata and Vallesaccarda.
The etymology of the name seems to come from the Latin tres vici, which indicated the set of three villages: the hamlet of San Giuseppe, Taverna delle Noci in Vallesaccarda and San Pietro di Olivola towards Puglia; others think the name comes from the goddess Trivia who once had a temple on this mountain. The inhabitants are called Trevicani and Saint Euplius is their patron.
PLACES OF INTEREST
- Church of Santa Maria Assunta (Saint Mary of the Assumption) - With a neat and imposing appearance, flanked by an 18th century bell tower, it had the role of Cathedral of the Diocese of Trevico from 1058 to 1818, the year of its suppression
- Port'Alba - Built in 1578, during the Aragonese domination, it's the access road to the village: it's a round arch supported by two pillars in lava stone
- Castle Ruins - Located at the highest point of the village, they represent what remains of the ancient fortress dominated by the Barony of Vico
- Scola Palace - Birthplace of the director Ettore Scola, where he lived before moving to Rome
- Other - Stone cross, War Memorial, Crypt Museum, Chapel of the Crucifix, Church of Sacro Cuore (Sacred Heart), Church of Santi Euplio e Lucia (Saints Euplius and Lucy), Church of the Madonna Addolorata (Our Lady of Sorrow), Church of the Madonna di Fatima (Our Lady of Fatima), Church of S. Rocco (Saint Roch), Church of S. Vito (Saint Vitus)
- Feast and Fair of Saint Vitus - It takes place on the 9th of September with a procession, fireworks, music, meals in the open air, a tug-of-war and pignata competition
- Saint Euplius Feast - Celebrations dedicated to the patron saint which take place on the 12th of August
- Pepper Festival - Summer food and wine event, characterized by stands of typical local products and music
- Potato and Chestnut Festival - Food and wine event held in October, enhancing the typical products of Trevico
TYPICAL FOOD AND PRODUCTS
- Triilli PAT - Type of fresh short pasta, in the shape of a tapered shell, with three grooves characteristics that represent the imprint of three aligned fingertips, hence the name
- Ham of Trevico PAT - Typical salami of the area, it's obtained at the end of a 16-month seasoning process; it stands out for its dark red colour and its unmistakable flavour
- Trevico Chestnut PAT - Typical product it's characterized by its rounded shape and shiny skin; it is known for its very low sodium content
- Potato of Trevico PAT - Typical product of the area, it's obtained from the cultivation of many varieties of potatoes
- Irpinia Colline dell'Ufita PDO - Extra virgin olive oil deriving largely from the Ravece variety, characterized by a pleasant bitter and spicy taste
- Caciocavallo Silano PDO - Semi-hard cheese, with spun curd, produced with milk from different breeds of cows, including Podolica
Trevico is called the "Roof of Irpinia" because, with its 1,094 meters above sea level, it's the highest town not only in the province of Avellino, but also in the whole of Campania.
The great Italian film director and screenwriter, Ettore Scola, is originally from Trevico: he was born in the small Irpinian village on the 10th of May 1931 and today his birthplace, Scola Palace, is a place of culture that hosts blows-ups of his films and screening rooms.
Although the origins of Trevico date back to the Lombard age, it's indirectly mentioned by the Latin poet Horace in a famous satire, in which he narrates that he made a journey from Rome to Brindisi in 37 BC and that he stopped, on the way, at Taverna delle Noci, a hamlet of Vallesaccarda which until 1958, was included within the Treviso area.
In the Middle Ages, Trevico represented the centre and stronghold of the Barony of Vico, including almost all the municipalities that make up the area of the same name today, including some towns in the province of Foggia, such as Sant'Agata di Puglia and Ascoli Satriano.
In the first half of the 16th century, the Barony of Vico began to disintegrate, giving rise, with San Sossio Baronia and Zungoli, to the State of Trevico, administered by the Loffredo family, until the subversion of feudalism in 1806.
If a film is always the beginning of a journey, Trevico cannot miss: a land of authors, a peasant identity and a stubborn pride in working the land. Perhaps the roots of Ettore Scola's cinematographic narrative were outlined here.
Via Nicola Petrilli, 6, 83058 Trevico AV, Italia